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DIAZEPAM Tablet (2020)

Αναφορές

Βιβλιογραφική αναφορά

Συγγραφείς

Mayne Pharma

Λέξεις κλειδιά

51862-062 51862-063 51862-064

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1. Description

Diazepam is a benzodiazepine derivative. The chemical name of diazepam is 7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a colorless to light yellow crystalline compound, insoluble ...

2. Clinical Pharmacology

Diazepam is a benzodiazepine that exerts anxiolytic, sedative, muscle-relaxant, anticonvulsant and amnestic effects. Most of these effects are thought to result from a facilitation of the action of gamma ...

3. Indications and Usage

Diazepam Tablets USP are indicated for the management of anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety. Anxiety or tension associated with the stress of everyday life usually ...

4. Contraindications

Diazepam Tablets USP are contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to this drug and, because of lack of sufficient clinical experience, in pediatric patients under 6 months of age. Diazepam ...

5. Warnings

Concomitant use of benzodiazepines, including diazepam tablets, and opioids may result in profound sedation, respiratory depression, coma, and death. Because of these risks, reserve concomitant prescribing ...

6. Precautions

Hepatic Insufficiency Decreases in clearance and protein binding, and increases in volume of distribution and half-life has been reported in patients with cirrhosis. In such patients, a 2- to 5-fold increase ...

6.1. General

If diazepam is to be combined with other psychotropic agents or anticonvulsant drugs, careful consideration should be given to the pharmacology of the agents to be employed particularly with known compounds ...

6.2. Information for Patients

To assure the safe and effective use of benzodiazepines, patients should be informed that, since benzodiazepines may produce psychological and physical dependence, it is advisable that they consult with ...

6.4. Drug Interactions

Opioids The concomitant use of benzodiazepines and opioids increases the risk of respiratory depression because of actions at different receptor sites in the CNS that control respiration. Benzodiazepines ...

6.6. Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

In studies in which mice and rats were administered diazepam in the diet at a dose of 75 mg/kg/day (approximately 6 and 12 times, respectively, the maximum recommended human dose [MRHD=1 mg/kg/day] on ...

6.7. Pregnancy

Category D. An increased risk of congenital malformations and other developmental abnormalities associated with the use of benzodiazepine drugs during pregnancy has been suggested. There may also be non-teratogenic ...

6.8. Labor and Delivery

Special care must be taken when diazepam is used during labor and delivery, as high single doses may produce irregularities in the fetal heart rate and hypotonia, poor sucking, hypothermia, and moderate ...

6.9. Nursing Mothers

Diazepam passes into breast milk. Breastfeeding is therefore not recommended in patients receiving diazepam.

6.10. Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients below the age of 6 months have not been established.

6.11. Geriatric Use

In elderly patients, it is recommended that the dosage be limited to the smallest effective amount to preclude the development of ataxia or oversedation (2 mg to 2.5 mg once or twice daily, initially to ...

7. Adverse Reactions

Side effects most commonly reported were drowsiness, fatigue, muscle weakness, and ataxia. The following have also been reported: <u>Central Nervous System:</u> confusion, depression, dysarthria, headache, ...

8. Drug Abuse and Dependence

Diazepam is subject to Schedule IV control under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. Abuse and dependence of benzodiazepines have been reported. Addiction-prone individuals (such as drug addicts or ...

9. Overdosage

Overdose of benzodiazepines is usually manifested by central nervous system depression ranging from drowsiness to coma. In mild cases, symptoms include drowsiness, confusion, and lethargy. In more serious ...

10. Dosage and Administration

Dosage should be individualized for maximum beneficial effect. While the usual daily dosages given below will meet the needs of most patients, there will be some who may require higher doses. In such cases ...

11. How Supplied

Diazepam Tablets USP 2 mg are scored, round, white tablets imprinted DAN 5621 and 2 supplied in bottles of 100, 500 and 1000. Diazepam Tablets USP 5 mg are scored, round, yellow tablets imprinted DAN 5619 ...

12. Storage and Handling

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in tight, light-resistant container with child-resistant closure.

BOXED WARNING SECTION

<b>WARNINING: RISKS FROM CONCOMITANT USE WITH OPIODS</b> <b>Concomitant use of benzodiazepines and opioids may result in profound sedation, respiratory depression, coma, and death (see Drug Interactions). ...
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